Usefulness of left ventricular mass in predicting recovery of left ventricular systolic function in patients with symptomatic idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy

Am J Cardiol. 2000 Mar 1;85(5):624-9. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(99)00822-x.

Abstract

Prognosis of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) is variable. We determined the prognostic value of left ventricular (LV) mass and systolic and diastolic function in patients with IDC of <12 months duration. Clinical and echocardiographic assessment was performed at baseline and at 8+/-6 months follow-up in 25 patients (47+/-13 years) with IDC and an LV ejection fraction (LVEF1) of <40% (22+/-7%). Based on a follow-up LVEF (LVEF2) of < or >40%, patients were divided into unimproved (n = 13, LVEF2 = 21+/-9%) and improved groups (n = 12, LVEF2 = 51+/-11%). There was no difference in the LVEF1 (22+/-8% vs. 22+/-6%), LV end-systolic (5.7+/-0.8 vs. 5.8+/-0.9 cm) or end-diastolic (6.5+/-0.6 vs. 6.6+/-0.9 cm) dimension, wall stress (102+/-26 vs 99+/-28 g/cm2), end-systolic (1.7+/-0.3 vs. 1.8+/-0.2) or end-diastolic (1.7+/-0.3 vs. 1.6+/-0.1) sphericity, dp/dt (582+/-163 vs. 678+/-222 mm Hg/s), or right ventricular fractional shortening (20+/-9% vs. 27+/-7%, p = 0.06) in unimproved and improved groups. LV mass was lower (1.00+/-0.21 vs. 1.38+/-0.27 g/ml, p = 0007) and mitral inflow E-wave deceleration time shorter (97+/-42 vs. 164+/-58 ms, p = 0007) in the unimproved versus the improved group. On Pearson correlation analysis, LV mass (r = 0.62, p = 0.001), deceleration time (r = 0.68, p = 0.0002), wall motion score index (r = -0.47, p = 02), and dp/dt (r = 0.52, p = 03) were the significant predictors of LVEF2. There was correlation between LV mass (grams per milliliter) and deceleration time (r = 0.61, p = 0.001). During follow-up, death occurred in 1, and readmission for worsening heart failure in 4 patients in the unimproved group versus no hospitalization in the improved group. Thus, in patients with recent onset IDC, LV mass and diastolic function determine late outcome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / diagnosis*
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / epidemiology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Echocardiography
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / diagnosis*
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / diagnostic imaging
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Stroke Volume / physiology
  • Systole / physiology
  • Time Factors
  • Ventricular Function, Left*