Effects of transcendental meditation on symptoms and electrocardiographic changes in patients with cardiac syndrome X

Am J Cardiol. 2000 Mar 1;85(5):653-5, A10. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(99)00828-0.


Chest pain with normal coronary angiograms is often associated with chronic sympathetic activation, anxiety, and depression, and is resistant to conventional antianginal treatment. The practice of transcendental meditation, a standard relaxation method for 3 months twice daily, significantly improved exercise tolerance, angina episodes, and quality of life in 9 women; the positive findings in this study warrant further research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Electrocardiography
  • Exercise Test
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Meditation*
  • Microvascular Angina / diagnosis
  • Microvascular Angina / psychology
  • Microvascular Angina / therapy*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pilot Projects
  • Quality of Life