Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 124 (11), 1688-92

Smooth Muscle Tumor of the Pleura. A Case Report and Review of the Literature


Smooth Muscle Tumor of the Pleura. A Case Report and Review of the Literature

D M Proca et al. Arch Pathol Lab Med.


Smooth muscle tumors of the serosal membranes are extremely rare and have received little attention in the literature. To the best of our knowledge, only 1 published series of 5 pleural smooth muscle neoplasms has been published to date. We describe a primary pleural neoplasm with smooth muscle differentiation documented by light microscopy, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy. This tumor originated in the parietal pleura in a 32-year-old white man and was diagnosed incidentally by chest radiography; the diagnosis was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging and biopsy. Four years later, the tumor was noted to have increased in size and disseminated into the chest wall as a separate circumscribed mass located in the pectoral muscle. Both masses were resected and diagnosed as smooth muscle tumors. We conclude that smooth muscle tumor of the pleura is a well-defined entity with a low, but definite malignant potential; therefore, we recommend complete resection and long-term follow-up for all patients.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 9 PubMed Central articles

  • Intercostal Leiomyoma in a Child: Review of the Literature
    K Anastasiadis et al. Pan Afr Med J 28, 283. PMID 29942415. - Review
    Leiomyomas of the chest wall are very rare. In a review of the current literature twelve cases were found, of which only one concerns of an intercostal leiomyoma of the c …
  • Giant Leiomyoma Arising From the Mediastinal Pleura: A Case Report
    N Haratake et al. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 23 (3), 153-156. PMID 27885214. - Case Reports
    This report presents a rare case involving a patient with a giant leiomyoma originating from the mediastinal pleura. The patient underwent a medical examination, and ches …
  • Smooth Muscle Tumor Originating in the Pleura: A Case Report and Updated Literature Review
    SF Moscoso Martínez et al. Case Rep Oncol Med 2016, 9581395. PMID 27747117.
    Smooth muscle tumors (SMTs) of the pleura are exceptionally rare. At present and to the best of these authors' knowledge, there are only 17 cases reported in the literatu …
  • Rare Mediastinal Leiomyoma in a Child
    ZA Hakeem et al. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 65 (7), 415-417. PMID 27640051. - Case Reports
    Leiomyoma of the mediastinum is rare. They are thought to arise from the smooth muscle cells of the media of mediastinal vascular structures and structure containing smoo …
  • Leiomyomas Requiring Chest Wall Resection and Reconstruction
    N Kanlıoğlu Kuman et al. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 62 (3), 186-90. PMID 23264092. - Case Reports
    Leiomyomas of the chest wall are very rare in the literature; only nine cases have been reported. We present two cases: First case was a 32-year-old female. Two separate …
See all "Cited by" articles

LinkOut - more resources