Method choice, intent, and gender in completed suicide

Suicide Life Threat Behav. Fall 2000;30(3):282-8.

Abstract

Women who commit suicide use less violent methods, such as drugs and carbon monoxide poisoning, than do men, who more often use violent methods such as guns and hanging. Theories that attempt to explain this finding focus on gender differences in suicidal intent, socialization, emotions, interpersonal relationships, orientation and access to methods, and neurobiological factors. Data from a psychological autopsy study were used to test the theory that women who commit suicide use less violent means because they are less intent on dying. Although women were significantly less likely to use a violent method than men, there was no difference in the lethality of their suicidal intent.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Cause of Death*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation*
  • New York
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Distribution
  • Sex Factors
  • Suicide / psychology
  • Suicide / statistics & numerical data*
  • Violence*