Long-term association of cardiovascular risk factors with impaired insulin secretion and insulin resistance

Metabolism. 2000 Oct;49(10):1247-54. doi: 10.1053/meta.2000.9514.

Abstract

The study aim was to investigate the association of cardiovascular risk factors with insulin resistance and impaired insulin secretion in an 8-year prospective population study in nondiabetic subjects. Cardiovascular risk factors of 271 subjects aged 16 to 61 years were measured at baseline, and insulin sensitivity and acute-phase insulin secretion were assessed by an intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) and Bergman's minimal model 8 years later. In logistic regression analysis, baseline high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol (P < .001 and P = .006, respectively), total, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and VLDL triglycerides (P = .004, P = .048, and P = .002, respectively), apolipoprotein A1 (P = .010), and uric acid (P < .001) were associated with insulin resistance after adjustment for age and the body mass index (BMI). Systolic blood pressure (P = .042) and VLDL cholesterol (P = .018) were associated with impaired insulin secretion after adjustment for age and the BMI. This 8-year longitudinal study demonstrates that dyslipidemia, high blood pressure, and uric acid are associated with insulin resistance, whereas high systolic blood pressure and VLDL cholesterol are associated with impaired first-phase insulin secretion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Cholesterol, VLDL / blood
  • Female
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Humans
  • Insulin / metabolism*
  • Insulin Resistance*
  • Insulin Secretion
  • Lipoproteins, VLDL / blood
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Triglycerides / blood

Substances

  • Cholesterol, VLDL
  • Insulin
  • Lipoproteins, VLDL
  • Triglycerides
  • very low density lipoprotein triglyceride