Genetic determinants of bovine leukemia virus pathogenesis

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2000 Nov 1;16(16):1787-95. doi: 10.1089/08892220050193326.


The understanding of HTLV-induced disease is hampered by the lack of a suitable animal model allowing the study of both viral replication and leukemogenesis in vivo. Although valuable information has been obtained in different species, such as rabbits, mice, rats, and monkeys, none of these systems was able to conciliate topics as different as viral infectivity, propagation within the host, and generation of leukemic cells. An alternate strategy is based on the understanding of diseases induced by viruses closely related to HTLV-1, like bovine leukemia virus (BLV). Both viruses indeed belong to the same subfamily of retroviruses, harbor a similar genomic organization, and infect and transform cells of the hematopoietic system. The main advantage of the BLV system is that it allows direct experimentation in two different species, cattle and sheep.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Cattle Diseases / physiopathology
  • Cattle Diseases / virology
  • Enzootic Bovine Leukosis / genetics
  • Enzootic Bovine Leukosis / virology*
  • Leukemia Virus, Bovine / genetics*
  • Leukemia Virus, Bovine / pathogenicity*
  • Sheep
  • Sheep Diseases / physiopathology
  • Sheep Diseases / virology