HIV seroprevalence by anonymous testing in patients with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and in tuberculosis contacts

Lancet. 2000 Oct 28;356(9240):1488-9. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(00)02876-2.


Having witnessed a large increase in Mycobacterium tuberculosis notifications in south London, we wanted to ascertain the prevalence of HIV and tuberculosis co-infection in our patients. All patients with tuberculosis and their contacts were anonymously tested for HIV in blood and saliva, respectively. 11.4% of patients (from various demographic groups) with tuberculosis who attend chest clinics in south London are HIV positive. In addition, 5% of individuals seen in the tuberculosis contact screening clinics and 4% new entrants are HIV positive. All patients with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, irrespective of background, should be urged to have an HIV test.

Publication types

  • Letter
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • AIDS Serodiagnosis
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antibodies, Viral / blood
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / blood*
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections / ethnology
  • HIV-1 / immunology
  • HIV-2 / immunology
  • Humans
  • London / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Mass Screening
  • Middle Aged
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis*
  • Prevalence
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies
  • Tuberculosis / blood*
  • Tuberculosis / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis / ethnology


  • Antibodies, Viral