Sterol Regulatory Element-Binding protein-1 Participates in the Regulation of Fatty Acid Synthase Expression in Colorectal Neoplasia

Exp Cell Res. 2000 Nov 25;261(1):159-65. doi: 10.1006/excr.2000.5054.

Abstract

Endogenous fatty acid synthesis has been observed in certain rapidly proliferating normal and neoplastic tissues. Sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) are transcription factors that regulate the expression of lipogenic genes including fatty acid synthase (FAS), the major biosynthetic enzyme for fatty acid synthesis. We have previously shown that SREBP-1, FAS, and Ki-67, a proliferation marker, colocalized in the crypts of the fetal gastrointestinal tract epithelium. This study sought to determine whether SREBP-1 participates in the regulation of proliferation-associated fatty acid synthesis in colorectal neoplasia. An immunohistochemical analysis of SREBP-1, FAS, and Ki-67 expression in 25 primary human colorectal carcinoma specimens showed colocalization in 22 of these. To elucidate a functional linkage between SREBP-1 activation and proliferation-associated FA synthesis, SREBP-1 and FAS content were assayed during the adaptive response of cultured HCT116 colon carcinoma cells to pharmacological inhibition of FA synthesis. Cerulenin and TOFA each inhibited the endogenous synthesis of fatty acids in a dose-dependent manner and each induced increases in both precursor and mature forms of SREBP-1. Subsequently, both the transcriptional activity of the FAS promoter in a luciferase reporter gene construct and the FAS expression increased. These results demonstrate that tumor cells recognize and respond to a deficiency in endogenous fatty acid synthesis by upregulating both SREBP-1 and FAS expression and support the model that SREBP-1 participates in the transcriptional regulation of lipogenic genes in colorectal neoplasia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Division
  • Cerulenin / pharmacology
  • Colonic Neoplasms / enzymology
  • Colonic Neoplasms / genetics
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / enzymology*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Fatty Acid Synthases / genetics*
  • Furans / pharmacology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic* / drug effects
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic* / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Hypolipidemic Agents / pharmacology
  • Ki-67 Antigen / genetics
  • Mitotic Index
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic / drug effects
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Transfection
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • fas Receptor / genetics

Substances

  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Furans
  • Hypolipidemic Agents
  • Ki-67 Antigen
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • SREBF1 protein, human
  • Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1
  • Transcription Factors
  • fas Receptor
  • Cerulenin
  • 5-(tetradecyloxy)-2-furancarboxylic acid
  • Fatty Acid Synthases