Molecular analysis of the PTEN, TP53 and CDKN2A tumor suppressor genes in long-term survivors of glioblastoma multiforme

J Neurooncol. 2000 Jun;48(2):89-94. doi: 10.1023/a:1006402614838.


Despite multimodal therapy, glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is associated with a poor prognosis with a median survival of less than 1 year. However, a small number of patients with GBM shows survival times of several years. Although clinical features like age and performance status at diagnosis are well known prognostic parameters, molecular markers for prognosis of overall survival are still lacking. Therefore, we compared 2 age- and gender-matched groups of GBM patients with different post-operative time to tumor progression (TTP), defined as 'short-term' for TTP of less than 6 months (n = 21), and 'long-term' for TTP of more than 24 months (n = 21) for genetic alterations of the PTEN, CDKN2A and TP53 genes as well as overexpression of the EGFR, p53 and Mdm2 proteins. For the GBMs with 'short-term' TTP vs. 'long-term' TTP, the studies revealed PTEN mutations in 4/21 vs. 2/21, TP53 mutations in 5/21 vs. 8/21, homozygous deletion of the CDKN2A gene in 5/21 vs. 6/21, overexpression of EGFR in 7/20 vs. 10/20, accumulation of p53 protein in 9/20 vs. 7/20 and of Mdm2 protein in 0/20 vs. 1/20 cases studied. Taken together, our data indicate that mutations of the PTEN and TP53 tumor suppressor genes, homozygous deletion of the CDKN2A gene as well as overexpression of the EGFR, p53 and Mdm2 proteins lack prognostic significance for overall survival time in patients with GBMs.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / genetics
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • DNA, Neoplasm / genetics
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Female
  • Gene Deletion
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor*
  • Genes, p16
  • Genes, p53
  • Glioblastoma / genetics*
  • Glioblastoma / mortality
  • Glioblastoma / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • PTEN Phosphohydrolase
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / genetics
  • Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational
  • Postoperative Period
  • Prognosis
  • Supratentorial Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Supratentorial Neoplasms / mortality
  • Supratentorial Neoplasms / pathology
  • Supratentorial Neoplasms / surgery
  • Survival Analysis
  • Survivors*
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins*


  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16
  • DNA, Neoplasm
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
  • PTEN Phosphohydrolase
  • PTEN protein, human