Phase II trial of pre-irradiation KRN8602 (MX2) in malignant glioma patients

J Neurooncol. 2000 Jun;48(2):145-9. doi: 10.1023/a:1006482006138.

Abstract

KRN8602 (MX2) is a newly developed morpholino anthracycline that crosses the blood-brain barrier where it becomes distributed in brain tissue after intravenous administration. This morpholino anthracycline has been found to be effective against human glioma cells and the intracerebrally transplanted tumors in vivo, We performed a phase II trial using KRN8602 as a single agent in malignant glioma patients who had not received prior adjuvant therapy. The 13 patients (5 glioblastomas, 7 anaplastic astrocytomas and 1 malignant oligodendroglioma) enrolled received at least 1 cycle of KRN8602 at 35 mg/m2/day in 3-4 week intervals by intravenous bolus. Ten of these patients could be evaluated for response, and 13 for toxicity. Three patients (1 glioblastoma and 2 anaplastic astrocytomas) demonstrated a complete response (3/10, 30%). Concerning side effects, myelosuppression was moderately severe, with 30.7% of patients developing grade 3 leukopenia. Severe nausea/vomiting was observed in 69% of the patients, however, cardiotoxicity was not observed. The results indicate that KRN8602 demonstrated modest activity against malignant glioma with relatively severe, but manageable toxicity. Further assessment of the efficacy and toxicity of KRN8602 against malignant glioma may be worthwhile.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage
  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / adverse effects
  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use*
  • Astrocytoma / drug therapy*
  • Astrocytoma / radiotherapy
  • Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Brain Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • Cardiomyopathies / chemically induced
  • Carubicin / administration & dosage
  • Carubicin / adverse effects
  • Carubicin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Carubicin / therapeutic use*
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant*
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Female
  • Glioblastoma / drug therapy*
  • Glioblastoma / radiotherapy
  • Humans
  • Leukopenia / chemically induced
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nausea / chemically induced
  • Oligodendroglioma / drug therapy*
  • Oligodendroglioma / radiotherapy
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vomiting / chemically induced

Substances

  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
  • morpholinoanthracycline MX2
  • Carubicin