1. Twenty centers in Japan performed 308 living donor liver transplants (LDLT) in adults. 2. Right lobe grafts were used in the minority of cases (27.1%); most had left lobe grafts (72.9%). Survival was not influenced by the type of graft. 3. There were no donor deaths (0%); 9.3% of donors experienced mild to moderate complications. Biliary complications were the most frequent. 4. Overall recipient survival was 72.4%.