Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 10 (21), 1359-66

ML-IAP, a Novel Inhibitor of Apoptosis That Is Preferentially Expressed in Human Melanomas

Affiliations

ML-IAP, a Novel Inhibitor of Apoptosis That Is Preferentially Expressed in Human Melanomas

D Vucic et al. Curr Biol.

Abstract

Background: Inhibitors of apoptosis (IAPs) are a family of cell death inhibitors found in viruses and metazoans. All IAPs have at least one baculovirus IAP repeat (BIR) motif that is essential for their anti-apoptotic activity. IAPs physically interact with a variety of pro-apoptotic proteins and inhibit apoptosis induced by diverse stimuli. This allows them to function as sensors and inhibitors of death signals that emanate from a variety of pathways.

Results: Here we report the characterization of ML-IAP, a novel human IAP that contains a single BIR and RING finger motif. ML-IAP is a powerful inhibitor of apoptosis induced by death receptors and chemotherapeutic agents, probably functioning as a direct inhibitor of downstream effector caspases. Modeling studies of the structure of the BIR domain revealed it to closely resemble the fold determined for the BIR2 domain of X-IAP. Deletion and mutational analysis demonstrated that integrity of the BIR domain was required for anti-apoptotic function. Tissue survey analysis showed expression in a number of embryonic tissues and tumor cell lines. In particular, the majority of melanoma cell lines expressed high levels of ML-IAP in contrast to primary melanocytes, which expressed undetectable levels. These melanoma cells were significantly more resistant to drug-induced apoptosis.

Conclusions: ML-IAP, a novel human IAP, inhibits apoptosis induced by death receptors and chemotherapeutic agents. The BIR of ML-IAP possesses an evolutionarily conserved fold that is necessary for anti-apoptotic activity. Elevated expression of ML-IAP renders melanoma cells resistant to apoptotic stimuli and thereby potentially contributes to the pathogenesis of this malignancy.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 82 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback