Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart-muscle disease characterized by ventricular dilatation and impaired heart contraction and is heterogeneous both clinically and genetically. To date, 12 candidate disease loci have been described for autosomal dominant DCM. We report the identification of a new locus on chromosome 6q12-16 in a French family with 9 individuals affected by the pure form of autosomal dominant DCM. This locus was found by using a genomewide search after exclusion of all reported disease loci and genes for DCM. The maximum pairwise LOD score was 3.52 at recombination fraction 0.0 for markers D6S1644 and D6S1694. Haplotype construction delineated a region of 16.4 cM between markers D6S1627 and D6S1716. This locus does not overlap with two other disease loci that have been described in nonpure forms of DCM and have been mapped on 6q23-24 and 6q23. The phospholamban, malic enzyme 1-soluble, and laminin-alpha4 genes were excluded as candidate genes, using single-strand conformation polymorphism or linkage analysis.