The allosteric effect on muscarinic acetylcholine M2 receptors of 11 bisquaternary salts of the Strychnos alkaloid caracurine V was determined. The effect was indicated by the concentration which retarded the rate of dissociation of the antagonist [3H]-N-methylscopolamine from porcine cardiac cholinoceptors by a factor of 2 (EC50). The most potent compounds carry allyl and propargyl substituents, respectively. Introduction of more bulky substituents (e.g., benzyl groups) resulted in a considerably reduced allosteric potency. The wide range of EC50 values (3 nM for R = allyl. 1750 nM for R = 2-naphthyl) suggests a sterically restricted binding pocket. Molecular modeling studies indicated that the caracurine V ring system satisfies the pharmacophore model for the allosteric interaction.