Secreted phospholipase A(2) induces vascular endothelial cell migration

Blood. 2000 Dec 1;96(12):3809-15.


Secreted phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)) regulates a variety of cellular functions. The present investigation was undertaken to elucidate the potential role of sPLA(2) in endothelial cell (EC) migration. Bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) exposed to sPLA(2) placed in the lower compartment of a modified Boyden chamber displayed increased migration compared to cells exposed to vehicle. The effect of sPLA(2) on EC migration was time and dose dependent. Migration of BAECs was observed at 30 minutes, increased over 1 to 2 hours, and declined thereafter. At 2 hours of stimulation, sPLA(2) (0.01-2 micromol/L) induced 1.2- to 3-fold increased cell migration compared with media alone. Among the different sPLA(2)s tested, bee venom, Naja naja, and porcine and human pancreatic PLA(2)s all evoked a migratory response in ECs. Moreover, human synovial fluid, obtained from patients with arthritis and containing sPLA(2) activity, induced EC migration. Migration of ECs was significantly reduced after exposure to a catalytic site mutant of pancreatic sPLA(2) with decreased lipolytic activity as compared to wild-type sPLA(2). Similarly, pretreatment of human synovial fluid with p-bromophenacyl bromide, an irreversible inhibitor of sPLA(2), markedly decreased the ability of human synovial fluid to stimulate EC migration. Moreover, migration of ECs was stimulated on exposure to hydrolytic products of sPLA(2) activity including arachidonic acid, lysophosphatidic acid, and lysophosphatidylcholine. These findings suggest that sPLA(2) plays a physiologic role in induction of EC migration. Moreover, the effects of sPLA(2) on EC migration are mediated, at least in part, by its catalytic activity. (Blood. 2000;96:3809-3815)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Animals
  • Aorta
  • Arachidonic Acid / pharmacology
  • Arthritis / metabolism
  • Catalytic Domain / genetics
  • Catalytic Domain / physiology
  • Cattle
  • Cell Culture Techniques
  • Cell Movement / drug effects
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Endothelium, Vascular / cytology*
  • Humans
  • Lysophospholipids / pharmacology
  • Pancreas / enzymology
  • Phospholipases A / metabolism
  • Phospholipases A / pharmacology*
  • Solubility
  • Synovial Fluid / chemistry
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Lysophospholipids
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Phospholipases A