The developmental fate of the rostral/caudal half of a somite for vertebra and rib formation: experimental confirmation of the resegmentation theory using chick-quail chimeras

Mech Dev. 2000 Dec;99(1-2):71-82. doi: 10.1016/s0925-4773(00)00481-0.


To determine whether resegmentation of somites forms the axial skeleton, we traced the development of the rostral and the caudal half of a somite during skeletogenesis in chick-quail chimeras by replacing the rostral or caudal half of a newly formed chick somite with that of a quail somite. The rostral half-somite transplant formed the caudal half of the vertebral body, the entire spinous process and the distal rib, while the caudal half-somite transplant formed the rostral half of vertebral body, the rostral half of spinous process, the vertebral arch, the transverse process and the entire rib. These findings confirm the resegmentation theory except the spinous process and the distal rib.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Lineage
  • Chick Embryo
  • Coturnix
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Models, Biological
  • Ribs / embryology*
  • Ribs / physiology*
  • Somites / metabolism*
  • Spine / embryology*
  • Spine / physiology*
  • Time Factors
  • Tissue Transplantation