Left ventricular wall motion velocities in healthy children measured by pulsed wave Doppler tissue echocardiography: normal values and relation to age and heart rate

J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2000 Nov;13(11):1002-11. doi: 10.1067/mje.2000.108131.


Left ventricular wall motion velocities were measured by pulsed wave Doppler tissue (PWDT) echocardiography in 131 healthy children (mean age 7.5 +/- 5.5 years) at the interventricular septum and the posterior wall in the left ventricular short-axis view, and at the interventricular septum and the lateral wall in the 4-chamber view. The systolic wave (Sw) consisted of 2 components, and the difference between the 2 components was greater in the lateral wall than in the other walls. The peak early diastolic wave (Ew) velocity was also highest in the lateral wall. Most variables during systole correlated with age. The ratio of peak atrial systolic wave (Aw) velocity to peak Ew velocity (Aw/Ew) correlated with heart rate. The Aw/Ew in each wall correlated with the ratio of late (A) to early (E) peak mitral flow, although regression slopes differed among different wall segments. In younger children with increased heart rates, the Aw/Ew ratio increased because the Ew velocity decreased, although the A/E ratio increased because of an increased A velocity. Normal values for the PWDT variables change with heart rate and age in the pediatric population. The data reported in this study can be used as normal values for left ventricular function for PWDT echocardiography.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diastole / physiology
  • Echocardiography, Doppler, Pulsed / methods*
  • Female
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Mitral Valve / physiology
  • Myocardial Contraction* / physiology
  • Systole / physiology
  • Ventricular Function, Left*