Phenotype-genotype correlations in a CMT2B family with refined 3q13-q22 locus

Neurology. 2000 Nov 28;55(10):1552-7. doi: 10.1212/wnl.55.10.1552.


Objective: To perform genotype-phenotype correlation and genetic linkage analysis in a family with axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) syndrome and ulcero-mutilating features.

Background: CMT2B is a rare disorder belonging to the group of axonal CMT syndromes that is clinically characterized by marked distal muscle weakness and wasting as well as a high frequency of foot ulcers, infections, and amputations. So far only two families with this disorder have been described in which molecular genetic studies have shown evidence of autosomal dominant inheritance with linkage to chromosome 3q13-q22.

Methods: The authors report a large Austrian family presenting with the typical clinical features of CMT2B. Detailed clinical and electrophysiologic data were obtained in 15 at-risk individuals and DNA samples from 19 family members were collected for genetic linkage studies.

Results: Eight family members were definitely affected upon clinical and electrophysiologic examination and the majority revealed pronounced distal muscle wasting and weakness as well as prominent sensory abnormalities, which were frequently complicated by infections and amputations. Electrophysiologic studies showed normal or slightly to moderately slowed motor nerve conduction velocities, markedly reduced compound motor action potential amplitudes with chronodispersion, and absent or reduced amplitudes of sensory nerve action potentials. The molecular genetic study demonstrates linkage to chromosome 3q13-q22. Haplotype analysis in affected individuals indicates that the CMT2B locus is located between the flanking markers D3S1589 and D3S1549, representing a region of 10 cM.

Conclusions: This family is the third CMT2B family reported so far and confirms the existence of the CMT2B locus on chromosome 3q13-q22, which is responsible for a clinically and electrophysiologically homogeneous disorder with prominent distal muscle weakness and wasting, and ulcero-mutilating features. Marked sensory disturbances and the high frequency of foot ulcers, infections, and amputations in our patients seem to be typical for CMT2B. Recombination events in affected individuals reduce the CMT2B candidate gene interval considerably from 25 to 10 cM.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease / genetics*
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease / physiopathology*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3 / genetics*
  • Genetic Linkage / genetics*
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Neural Conduction / genetics
  • Neural Conduction / physiology
  • Phenotype
  • Tandem Repeat Sequences