Class B scavenger receptors, caveolae and cholesterol homeostasis

Trends Cardiovasc Med. 1999 Nov;9(8):221-5. doi: 10.1016/s1050-1738(00)00031-1.


Class B scavenger receptors are predominantly localized to cholesterol and sphingomyelin-enriched domains within the plasma membrane, called caveolae. Caveolae and their associated protein, caveolin, have been implicated in cholesterol trafficking and in the regulation of cellular cholesterol homeostasis. Recent studies indicate that scavenger receptor, class B, type I (SR-BI) mediates cholesterol flux between cells and lipoproteins. Caveolae appear to be the sites within the plasma membrane where such exchange occurs, suggesting that the regulation of caveolae and caveolins may be pivotal to the net flux of cholesterol between cells and lipoproteins when they are bound to SR-BI.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • CD36 Antigens
  • Caveolae / metabolism*
  • Caveolins / metabolism
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Cholesterol / metabolism*
  • Homeostasis / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins*
  • Receptors, Immunologic / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Lipoprotein*
  • Receptors, Scavenger
  • Scavenger Receptors, Class B


  • CD36 Antigens
  • Caveolins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Receptors, Immunologic
  • Receptors, Lipoprotein
  • Receptors, Scavenger
  • SCARB1 protein, human
  • Scarb1 protein, mouse
  • Scavenger Receptors, Class B
  • Cholesterol