Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of pulse dosing of topical 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in the treatment of conjunctival and corneal intraepithelial neoplasia.
Design: Prospective, noncomparative case series.
Participants: Seven patients with histologic evidence of intraepithelial neoplasia were identified by conjunctival biopsy or tumor excision.
Methods: Seven patients with a minimum of 7 months of follow-up were treated with pulsed dosing of 1% 5-FU. Topical 1% 5-FU was administered four times daily for 2 to 4 days for each cycle. The number of initial treatment cycles was two to six, with the time between cycles being 30 to 45 days.
Main outcome measures: The presence or absence of clinically evident intraepithelial neoplasia was evaluated after each treatment interval. Patients were also monitored for adverse reactions to the use of topical 5-FU.
Results: Four patients remain disease free with a mean follow-up of 18.5 months (range, 7-36 months) with no additional treatment after the initial treatment cycles (mean, 3.75 cycles; range, 2-5 cycles). Three patients had recurrence of disease after the initial treatment cycles. Two patients were treated with additional cycles for recurrent disease (six cycles in one patient and five cycles in the other patient) and are free of disease at 20 and 21 months after treatment, respectively. One patient had persistent disease despite treatment with topical 5-FU and was treated with topical mitomycin C with resolution of the disease without recurrence for 16.5 months. No adverse reactions to pulse dose treatment with topical 5-FU were noted.
Conclusions: Pulsed dosing with 1% topical 5-FU for the treatment of conjunctival and corneal intraepithelial neoplasia, alone or as an adjunct to excision of bulky disease, is a well-tolerated and effective method of treatment.