Modified procedure for implantation of subcutaneous central venous access devices in macaques (Macaca mulatta)

Comp Med. 2000 Oct;50(5):486-9.


A nonhuman primate model comprising adult male rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) with chronically indwelling subcutaneous central venous access devices provides a unique opportunity to determine plasma pharmacokinetics of new drugs such as anticancer and anti- retroviral agents. The central venous access we use is a low-profile, single-septum, titanium port that is attached to a radiopaque, indwelling catheter; the catheter is implanted in an internal jugular vein. A common complication following placement of the venous access device was migration of the catheter tip. We therefore modified the standard procedure by cutting the silicone catheter and introducing the rigid connector to secure the catheter to the vessel at the insertion site (approximately 9 to 13 cm from the distal end of the catheter). Prior to the use of the connector, three of five catheters migrated within 4 weeks after placement. In contrast, all 13 internal jugular catheters with connectors have remained patent without migration of the catheter tip. Therefore, incorporation of the catheter connector appears to have eliminated the problem of catheter migration.

MeSH terms

  • Analgesics, Opioid / administration & dosage
  • Anesthetics, Inhalation / administration & dosage
  • Animals
  • Buprenorphine / administration & dosage
  • Catheters, Indwelling / veterinary*
  • Cefazolin / administration & dosage
  • Cephalosporins / administration & dosage
  • Isoflurane / administration & dosage
  • Jugular Veins / surgery*
  • Macaca mulatta / surgery*
  • Male
  • Penicillins / administration & dosage
  • Pharmaceutic Aids / administration & dosage
  • Povidone / administration & dosage
  • Prosthesis Implantation / methods
  • Prosthesis Implantation / veterinary*


  • Analgesics, Opioid
  • Anesthetics, Inhalation
  • Cephalosporins
  • Penicillins
  • Pharmaceutic Aids
  • Buprenorphine
  • Isoflurane
  • Povidone
  • Cefazolin