Background/aims: Recent studies on the role of Helicobacter pylori in pathogenesis of duodenal ulcers have focused on the mechanism by which H. pylori infections causes exaggerated gastrin release.
Methodology: We compared the gastrin and somatostatin serum values between two groups of patients; 37 H. pylori-positive ones and 29 H. pylori-negative ones. We applied radioimmunoassay technique to determine the gastrin and somatostatin values in serum. H. pylori was confirmed by urease test and by histopathological color according to Giemsa.
Results: The level of gastrin in the serum of Helicobacter pylori-positive patients with chronic gastritis were significantly higher in relation to H. pylori-negative patients. The somatostatin concentration in the sera of H. pylori-positive patients with duodenal ulcer (16.27 +/- 9.49 pg/mL) were less in comparison with those without duodenal ulcer (23.25 +/- 13.59 pg/mL).
Conclusions: The results suggest that H. pylori infection suppresses the somatostatin secretion.