Intracranial venous anomalies associated with atretic cephalocoeles

Pediatr Radiol. 2000 Nov;30(11):743-7. doi: 10.1007/s002470000328.


Background: Midline scalp lesions are frequent in children. They include soft-tissue masses and atretic meningocoeles. Their recognition is important as their treatment differs. Intracranial venous anomalies are known to be associated with atretic cephalocoeles.

Materials and methods: A retrospective study was undertaken to assess the frequency of intracranial venous anomalies associated with atretic meningocoeles (AT). Thirty-one patients with AT were studied by MRI. There were 13 meningocoeles and 14 encephalocoeles; 4 have not yet received surgery.

Results: Venous anomalies were found when the cephalocoeles lay above the torcular. They include absence of the straight sinus and duplication of the longitudinal sinus.

Conclusion: Venous anomalies are frequent in atretic cephalocoeles and are part of the dysraphic state.

MeSH terms

  • Arteriovenous Malformations / complications*
  • Arteriovenous Malformations / diagnosis*
  • Cerebral Arteries / abnormalities*
  • Cerebral Veins / abnormalities*
  • Encephalocele / complications*
  • Encephalocele / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Meningocele / complications*
  • Meningocele / diagnosis*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal