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Clinical Trial
. 2000 Oct;77(10):549-54.
doi: 10.1097/00006324-200010000-00009.

Factors Related to the Progression of Myopia in Singaporean Children

Clinical Trial

Factors Related to the Progression of Myopia in Singaporean Children

S M Saw et al. Optom Vis Sci. .


Purpose: To examine the possible factors related to the progression of myopia in Singapore children.

Methods: One hundred fifty-three Singapore children aged 6 to 12 years were recruited to participate in a concurrent cohort study of the risk factors for the progression of myopia. Socioeconomic status, outdoor activity, and near-work activity were documented in a face-to-face clinic interview. The changes in cycloplegic subjective refraction and autorefraction were ascertained with the use of a Nidek ARK 900 over a 2-year period.

Results: The average rate of progression of myopia as measured by subjective refraction was -0.59 D per year (95% confidence interval -0.52, -0.66). Younger children and children who were more myopic at the beginning (refractive error worse than -2.0 D) of the study had higher myopia progression rates.

Conclusions: Myopia progression was faster for younger children and for children who had more severe myopia at baseline. Socioeconomic status and near-work activity were not related to myopia progression.

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