Preservation of preantral follicles becomes very important to ensure follicle quality at the onset of cryopreservation or in vitro culture. However, for domestic animals, the ovarian donor of preantral follicles for in vitro studies is commonly encountered far away from reproduction laboratories. We investigated the effectiveness of coconut water and Braun-Collins solutions on the preservation of goat preantral follicles. At the slaughterhouse, the ovarian pair of each animal was divided into 19 fragments. One ovarian fragment was immediately fixed (Control - Time 0). The other 18 fragments were randomly distributed into tubes containing 2 mL of coconut water or Braun-Collins solution at 4 degrees, 20 degrees or 39 degrees C and then stored for 4, 12 or 24 h. Histological analysis showed that the storage of ovarian fragments in coconut water and Braun-Collins solutions at 20 degrees or 39 degrees C for 12 or 24 h significantly reduced (P < 0.05) the percentage of morphologically normal preantral follicles when compared with the control. However, storage in coconut water at 20 degrees C for 4 h and in both solutions at 4 degrees C kept the percentage at control values. Ultrastructural analysis of follicles exposed to the stated conditions confirmed the integrity of preantral follicles stored at 4 degrees C in Braun-Collins and coconut water solutions for up to 12 and 24 h, respectively. Reduced cellular metabolism at 4 degrees C may explain why the best preservation of preantral follicles was at 4 degrees C, which may suggest a useful method for ovary transport in the future.