A variety of evidence implicates the orexins, especially orexin-A, in the regulation of food intake, but it has not been established whether this effect is mediated by the orexin-1 or orexin-2 receptor. In the present study, a selective orexin-1 receptor antagonist, 1-(2-methylbenzoxazol-6-yl)-3-[1,5]naphthyridin-4-yl urea hydrochloride (SB-334867-A), was administered intraperitoneally to rats under various conditions, and food consumption was subsequently measured over 24 h. In male rats, a single dose of SB-334867-A (30 mg/kg, i.p.) given during the light phase reduced both orexin-A-induced food intake (7 nmol, i.c.v.) and feeding stimulated by an overnight fast for 4 h. When given at the start of the dark phase, food consumption was reduced in both male and female rats over 24 h. Daily injections at the start of the dark phase for 3 days reduced natural feeding in male rats over 24 h on days one and three. These findings demonstrate direct inhibition of orexin-A induced food intake with a selective orexin-1 receptor antagonist. Furthermore, the suppression of nocturnal feeding and food intake stimulated by an overnight fast supports other evidence that orexin-A is involved in the regulation of natural feeding and suggests that orexin-1 receptor antagonists could be useful in the treatment of obesity.