Introduction: Women's ice hockey is a rapidly growing sport, however little is known about the injuries sustained by this group of athletes.
Purpose: The objective of this research was to identify risk factors associated with injury among female recreational ice hockey players.
Methods: This prospective study followed players from two women's ice hockey leagues in Edmonton, Canada during the 1997-98 hockey season. The occurrence of injuries was monitored during the season through standardized telephone follow-up. Risk factors were determined using multiple logistic regression.
Results: The initial study sample consisted of 314 players, however as the season progressed 19 (6%) were lost to follow-up. The results of the study are based on 295 (94%) participants. A total of 125 injuries were reported; the injury rate was 7.5 injuries/1,000 player-exposures. Risk factors found to be significantly related to the occurrence of injury were: injury in the past year (OR= 1.57), more than 5 years of hockey experience (OR=1.49), and high exposure level (OR=1.41).
Conclusion: This research is the first to quantify personal risk factors associated with injury among female recreational ice hockey players. A sports injury in the previous 12 months appears to be highly associated with injury and further research is required to more fully understand this relationship. The importance of controlling for level of exposure when investigating risk factors for sports injury was demonstrated.