A technique for the simultaneous measurement of three vascular parameters: blood flow (Frho), blood volume (v(b)), and the capillary permeability-surface area product (PSrho) in breast tumors using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is presented. Features of the technique include measurement of precontrast tumor T(1), rapid temporal sampling, measurement of the arterial input function, and use of a distributed parameter tracer kinetic model. Parameter measurements are compared that were determined using two contrast agents of different molecular weights, gadolinium-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA; 0.6 kDa) and Gadomer-17 (17 kDa), in 18 spontaneous canine mammary tumors. Measurements of Frho and v(b) corresponded well with literature values, and the mean PSrho measured using Gd-DTPA was a factor of 15 higher than that measured using Gadomer-17. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2000;12:991-1003.
Copyright 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.