Potential roles for RUNX1 and its orthologs in determining hematopoietic cell fate

Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2000 Oct;11(5):337-42. doi: 10.1006/scdb.2000.0186.


Runx1 (also known as AML1, Cbfa2 and Pebpa2b) and Cbfb encode a DNA-binding alpha subunit and the non-DNA-binding beta subunit of a mammalian core-binding factor (CBF). The discovery of RUNX1 and CBFB as genes rearranged in human leukemias prompted predictions that both genes would play important roles in normal hematopoiesis. These predictions were borne out, as indeed Runx1 and its Xenopus and Drosophila homologs, Xaml and lozenge (lz), appear to determine hematopoietic cell fate during development. We will review what is known about Runx1 function in hematopoiesis in three model organisms, mouse, frog and fly, focusing on the earliest events of hematopoietic cell emergence in the embryo.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Drosophila Proteins*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / embryology
  • Drosophila melanogaster / genetics
  • Drosophila melanogaster / growth & development
  • Embryonic and Fetal Development / genetics
  • Embryonic and Fetal Development / physiology
  • Hematopoiesis* / genetics
  • Humans
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Xenopus Proteins*
  • Xenopus laevis / embryology
  • Xenopus laevis / genetics
  • Xenopus laevis / growth & development


  • Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • RUNX1 protein, Xenopus
  • RUNX1 protein, human
  • Transcription Factors
  • Xenopus Proteins
  • lz protein, Drosophila