Background and procedure: MRP1 expression by neuroblastomas was evaluated by Northern blot analysis in 21 cell lines and 90 primary untreated tumors. Cytotoxicity assay in cell lines was performed for five anticancer drugs used in treating neuroblastoma.
Results: MRP1 expression did not correlate with drug resistance or with MYCN RNA expression in cell lines. MRP1 expression was higher in drug-sensitive cell lines established after chemotherapy relative to cell lines at diagnosis, but highly drug-resistant cell lines showed low MRP1 expression. Positive expression of MRP1 RNA in primary tumors was associated with a poorer survival relative to MRP1-negative tumors. However, MRP1 expression levels did not correlate with age, stage, MYCN amplification, or MYCN expression, and higher MRP1 expression was not associated with a worse outcome.
Conclusions: In neuroblastoma, positive MRP1 RNA expression at diagnosis has prognostic significance, but high drug resistance is conferred by mechanisms other than MRP1.
Copyright 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.