As the largest set of sequence variants, single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) constitute powerful assets for mapping genes and mutations related to common diseases and for pharmacogenetic studies. A major goal in human genetics is to establish a high-density map of the genome containing several hundred thousand SNPs. Here we assayed 3.7 Mb (154,397 bp in 24 alleles) of chromosome 14 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) and sequence-tagged sites, for sequence variation in DNA samples from 12 African individuals. We identified and mapped 480 biallelic markers (459 SNPs and 21 small insertions and deletions), equally distributed between EST and non-EST classes. Extensive research in public databases also yielded 604 chromosome 14 SNPs (dbSNPs), 520 of which could be mapped and 19 of which are common between CNG (i.e., identified at the Centre National de Génotypage) and dbSNP polymorphisms. We present a dense map of SNP variation of human chromosome 14 based on 981 nonredundant biallelic markers present among 1345 radiation hybrid mapped sequence objects. Next, bioinformatic tools allowed 945 significant sequence alignments to chromosome 14 contigs, giving the precise chromosome sequence position for 70% of the mapped sequences and SNPs. In addition, these tools also permitted the identification and mapping of 273 SNPs in 159 known genes. The availability of this SNP map will permit a wide range of genetic studies on a complete chromosome. The recognition of 45 genes with multiple SNPs, by allowing the construction of haplotypes, should facilitate pharmacogenetic studies in the corresponding regions.