Interleukin-8 (IL-8) mRNA was constitutively expressed in human hepatoma cell line, HepG2 and in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which often form hypervascular tumors. The sequence 5'-AGGAAG-3' at -137 to -132 bp of IL-8 promoter was shown to be polyomavirus enhancer A binding protein-3 (PEA3) binding site, which can cooperate with activator protein-1 (AP-1). Both PEA3 and AP-1 are essential for constitutive IL-8 expression in HepG2 cells, determined by promoter assays. Moreover, PEA3 and IL-8 proteins coexisted in HCC tissues, but not in uninvolved liver tissues. It is possible PEA3 may have important roles in tumor progression and in angiogenesis in HCC.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.