Integrin alpha2beta1 mediates the cell attachment of the rotavirus neuraminidase-resistant variant nar3

Virology. 2000 Dec 5;278(1):50-4. doi: 10.1006/viro.2000.0660.


It was previously reported that integrins alpha2beta1, alpha4beta1, and alphaXbeta2 are involved in rotavirus cell infection. In this work we studied the role of integrin subunits alpha2, alpha4, and beta2 on the attachment of rotaviruses RRV and nar3 to MA104 cells. Integrin alpha2beta1 was found to serve as the binding receptor for the neuraminidase-resistant virus nar3, whereas the neuraminidase-sensitive strain RRV interacted with this integrin at a postattachment step. It was shown that nar3 binds alpha2beta1 through the DGE integrin-recognition motif located in the virus surface protein VP5. Integrin subunits alpha4 and beta2 do not seem to be involved in the initial cell binding of either virus.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacology
  • Antigens, CD / immunology
  • Antigens, CD / physiology
  • Binding Sites
  • CD18 Antigens / immunology
  • CD18 Antigens / physiology
  • Capsid / chemistry
  • Capsid / metabolism
  • Capsid Proteins
  • Cell Line
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Integrin alpha2
  • Integrin alpha4
  • Integrins / chemistry
  • Integrins / metabolism
  • Integrins / physiology*
  • Neuraminidase / pharmacology*
  • Receptors, Collagen
  • Rotavirus / pathogenicity
  • Rotavirus / physiology*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, CD
  • CD18 Antigens
  • Capsid Proteins
  • Integrin alpha2
  • Integrins
  • Receptors, Collagen
  • Integrin alpha4
  • Neuraminidase