Health-related quality of life in patients with diabetes mellitus and foot ulcers

J Diabetes Complications. Sep-Oct 2000;14(5):235-41. doi: 10.1016/s1056-8727(00)00133-1.


To investigate health-related quality of life (HRQL) in diabetes patients separately for those with current foot ulcers, those with primary healed ulcers, and those who have undergone minor or major amputations. The EuroQol quality of life (QoL) questionnaire including a visual analogue scale (VAS) was sent to 457 patients treated for foot ulcers by a multidisciplinary team between 1995 and 1998. Patients who never had undergone any lower extremity amputation (LEA) were classified according to whether an ulcer was present at time of the survey or if they had healed primarily. Patients who had undergone any amputation were classified into a minor or a major amputation group according to their maximal amputation status. Patient characteristics and ulcer status at time of the survey were collected using patient records and pre-set forms used to follow-up of foot ulcer patients specifically. A response rate of 70% was obtained. Completion rates on single items were high. There were no differences in patient characteristics between respondents and non-respondents. Patients with current foot ulcers rated their HRQL significantly lower than patients who had healed primarily without amputation. Major amputation reduced the EuroQol index value, while the VAS value was reduced by other diabetic complications and increased by living with a healthy partner. Both values were reduced by a current foot ulcer. EuroQol can be used to investigate HRQL in diabetic patients with foot complications. Patients with current foot ulcers value their QoL lower than primary healed patients. QoL is reduced after major amputations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Diabetes Mellitus / physiopathology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / psychology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / psychology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / psychology
  • Diabetic Angiopathies / epidemiology
  • Diabetic Foot / physiopathology*
  • Diabetic Foot / psychology*
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / epidemiology
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Quality of Life*
  • Self Care
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweden