Several small GTPases of the Ras superfamily have been shown to antagonize TGFbeta signaling in human tumor cell lines. Some of these GTPases are post-translationally modified by farnesylation, a lipid modification catalyzed by farnesyltransferase and required for the proteins to attach to membranes and to function. In this study, we investigated the effect of the farnesyltransferase inhibitor FTI-277 on TGFbeta-regulated cell growth and transcription. Treatment of the human pancreatic tumor cell line, Panc-1, with FTI-277 enhanced the ability of TGFbeta to inhibit both anchorage-dependent and -independent tumor cell growth. FTI-277 also enhanced the ability of TGFbeta to induce transcription, as measured by p3TP-lux reporter activity and collagen synthesis. The enhancement of TGFbeta responses by FTI-277 correlated with the stimulation of transcription and protein expression of type II TGFbeta receptor (TbetaRII). Consequently, FTI-277-treated cells exhibited a higher level of TGFbeta binding to its receptor. Thus, inhibition of protein farnesylation stimulates TbetaRII expression, which leads to increased TGFbeta receptor binding and signaling as well as inhibition of tumor cell growth and transformation.