Factors associated with cane use among community dwelling older adults

Public Health Nurs. Nov-Dec 2000;17(6):474-83. doi: 10.1046/j.1525-1446.2000.00474.x.


Guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), this study examined factors associated with cane use among community dwelling older adults. Data were collected in a cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 106 community residing older adults in Ottawa, Canada. Using a stepwise discriminant analysis, subjective norms, attitudes, and age surfaced as the key variables associated with cane use in this sample. The discriminant function accounted for 67% of the variance in cane use and correctly classified 91% of cases (Wilks's lambda = 0.33, lambda2 = 110.12, df = 3, p < 0.0001). The findings provide evidence for the utility of the TPB in its application to understanding cane use behaviors of older persons and have important implications for the design of theory-based fall prevention interventions to enhance the acceptance and effective use of mobility aids.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidental Falls / prevention & control*
  • Activities of Daily Living / classification
  • Aged
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Canes / statistics & numerical data*
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Locomotion
  • Motivation
  • Social Environment
  • Surveys and Questionnaires