Background: Dieulafoy's lesion has unique endoscopic and histopathologic characteristics. This is a clinical trial of endoscopic therapy in 24 patients with Dieulafoy's lesions.
Methods: Patients were divided into 2 groups according to initial endoscopic treatment method. Data were analyzed with respect to clinical and endoscopic characteristics as well as outcomes. The 24 patients were evenly divided into mechanical (9 hemoclipping, 3 band ligation) and injection groups (12).
Results: The average number of therapeutic endoscopic sessions needed to achieve permanent hemostasis for the mechanical and injection groups were 1.17 and 1.67, respectively. Initial hemostasis was achieved in 91.7% of patients undergoing mechanical therapy and 75% of those undergoing injection therapy, with none in the former group needing subsequent surgery in comparison to 17% of the latter group. The rate of recurrent bleeding in the mechanical therapy group was significantly lower in comparison to the injection therapy group (8.3% versus 33.3%, p < 0. 05).
Conclusions: Higher efficacy in terms of initial hemostasis and less recurrent bleeding was achieved by mechanical hemostatic therapy with hemoclip and band ligation compared with injection therapy. Endoscopic mechanical therapy is recommended as effective for bleeding Dieulafoy's lesions.