Experimental evaluation of the Spiegelberg intracranial pressure and intracranial compliance monitor. Technical note

J Neurosurg. 2000 Dec;93(6):1072-7. doi: 10.3171/jns.2000.93.6.1072.


The goal of this study was to compare the Spiegelberg intraventricular intracranial pressure (ICP)/intracranial compliance monitoring device, which features an air-pouch balloon catheter, with existing gold-standard methods of measuring ICP and intracranial compliance. A Spiegelberg intraventricular catheter, a standard intraventricular catheter, and a Codman intraparenchymal ICP microsensor were placed in five sheep, which previously had been given anesthetic and paralytic agents, to allow comparative measurement of ICP at incremental levels (range 5-50 mm Hg). Intracranial pressure measured using the Spiegelberg intraventricular air-pouch balloon catheter displayed a linear correlation with ICP measured using the standard intraventricular fluid-filled catheter (r2 = 0.9846, p < 0.001; average bias -0.74 mm Hg), as well as with ICP measured using the Codman intraparenchymal strain-gauge sensor (r2 = 0.9778, p < 0.001; average bias 0.01 mm Hg). Automated measurements of intraventricular compliance obtained using the Spiegelberg compliance device were compared with compliance measurements that were made using the gold-standard manual cerebrospinal fluid bolus injection technique at ICPs ranging from 5 to 50 mm Hg, and a linear correlation was demonstrated between the two methods (r2 = 0.7752, p < 0.001; average bias -0.019 ml/mm Hg). The Spiegelberg air-pouch ICP/compliance monitor provides ICP and compliance data that are very similar to those obtained using both gold-standard methods and an intraparenchymal ICP monitor over a range of pathophysiological ICPs. The automated closed Spiegelberg system offers practical advantages for the measurement of intraventricular compliance. Assessment of the clinical utility and robustness of the Spiegelberg system, together with the development of an intraparenchymal device, would enhance the clinical utility of automated compliance measurement and expand the range of its applications.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Catheterization / instrumentation*
  • Compliance
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Pressure / physiology*
  • Monitoring, Physiologic / instrumentation*
  • Sheep
  • Ventriculostomy / instrumentation*