We have studied cyclopiazonic acid (CPA)-sensitive store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) in cultured neurons and astrocytes and examined the effect of 2-[2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)phenyl]]isothiourea (KB-R7943), which is often used as a selective inhibitor of the Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX), on the SOCE. CPA increased transiently intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) followed by a sustained increase in [Ca(2+)](i) in neurons and astrocytes. The sustained increase in [Ca(2+)](i) depended on the presence of extracellular Ca(2+) and inhibited by SOCE inhibitors, but not by a Ca(2+) channel inhibitor. CPA also caused quenching of fura-2 fluorescence when the cells were incubated in Mn(2+)-containing medium. KB-R7943 at 10 microM inhibited significantly CPA-induced sustained increase in [Ca(2+)](i) in neurons and astrocytes. KB-R7943 also inhibited CPA-induced quenching of fura-2 fluorescence in the presence of extracellular Mn(2+). These results indicate that cultured neurons and astrocytes possess SOCE and that KB-R7943 inhibits not only NCX but also SOCE.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.