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, 18 (24), 4053-9

Familial Invasive Breast Cancers: Worse Outcome Related to BRCA1 Mutations

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Familial Invasive Breast Cancers: Worse Outcome Related to BRCA1 Mutations

D Stoppa-Lyonnet et al. J Clin Oncol.

Abstract

Purpose: Although all studies confirm that BRCA1 tumors are highly proliferative and poorly differentiated, their outcomes remain controversial. We propose to examine, through a cohort study, the pathologic characteristics, overall survival, local recurrence, and metastasis-free intervals of 40 patients with BRCA1 breast cancer.

Patients and methods: A cohort of 183 patients with invasive breast cancer, treated at the Institut Curie and presenting with a familial history of breast and/or ovarian cancer, were tested for BRCA1 germ-line mutation. Tumor characteristics and clinical events were extracted from our prospectively registered database.

Results: Forty BRCA1 mutations were found among the 183 patients (22%). Median follow-up was 58 months. BRCA1 tumors were larger in size (P =.03), had a higher rate of grade 3 histoprognostic factors (P =.002), and had a higher frequency of negative estrogen (P =.003) and progesterone receptors (P =.002) compared with non-BRCA1 tumors. Overall survival was poorer for carriers than for noncarriers (5-year rate, 80% v 91%, P =.002). Because a long time interval between cancer diagnosis and genetic counseling artificially increases survival time due to unrecorded deaths, the analysis was limited to the 110 patients whose diagnosis-to-counseling interval was less than 36 months (19 BRCA1 patients and 91 non-BRCA1 patients). The differences between the BRCA1 and non-BRCA1 groups regarding overall survival and metastasis-free interval were dramatically increased (49% v 85% and 18% v 84%, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that BRCA1 mutation was an independent prognostic factor.

Conclusion: Our results strongly support that among patients with familial breast cancer, those who have a BRCA1 mutation have a worse outcome than those who do not.

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