Aim: This study compared the performance of three Campylobacter enrichment broths: Bolton broth (BB), Campylobacter Enrichment broth (CEB) and Preston broth (PB).
Methods and results: Pure cultures of target and competitor organisms, and naturally-contaminated food samples, were used to establish the performance of these media. In pure culture the PB supported the growth of the greatest number of strains of Campylobacter spp. but failed to inhibit some competitor organisms. The CEB showed the opposite result, inhibiting all 15 competitor organisms used but failing to support the growth of five Campylobacter strains. By comparison, BB showed the best compromise between inhibition of competitors and growth of Campylobacter.
Conclusions: Plates inoculated with BB and CEB food enrichments resulted in more Campylobacter growth than those inoculated with PB, which supported significantly less typical growth (P < or = 0.001). The most common competitor organism isolated from PB was Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas spp. were frequently isolated from BB and CEB. Both BB and CEB were better than PB for the isolation of Campylobacter from naturally-contaminated foods, although BB yielded more confirmed Campylobacter growth than CEB.
Significance and impact of the study: This study highlighted differences in performance of media used to isolate Campylobacter spp. from foods.