Strain rate imaging by ultrasonography in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease

J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2000 Dec;13(12):1053-64. doi: 10.1067/mje.2000.106573.


Regional strain rate in the left ventricle can be assessed in real time and color mapped. The method is termed strain rate imaging (SRI), and findings correspond well with 2-dimensional echocardiography. This study addresses SRI as a method for localizing coronary lesions, compared with standard echocardiography. Twenty patients with acute myocardial infarction who underwent coronary angiography for clinical reasons were examined with SRI and standard echocardiography. Wall motion was graded by SRI color and separately by wall thickening. Strain rate imaging and 2-dimensional echocardiography results agreed well. An infarct-related artery was identified from angiograms combined with electrocardiograms. Both methods identified an infarct-related artery in 19 possible cases and had equal sensitivity and specificity for wall segments affected by lesion. Combining the information from both methods did not change accuracy. The study validates SRI as a method for assessing regional wall function in coronary artery disease. The advantages of SRI are discussed and measurements of strain rates are given.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Echocardiography / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnostic imaging*
  • Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology*
  • Observer Variation
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / diagnostic imaging
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / physiopathology