The facilitated diffusion of monosaccharides across the plasma membrane is mediated by glucose transporters (GLUTs). In contrast to mammals, the glucose transport system of lower vertebrates remains unexplored. We detected glucose transport activity in rainbow trout embryos. Two GLUTs sharing 83% amino acid identity were cloned from juvenile fish, these have been denoted OnmyGLUT1A and OnmyGLUT1B. In adult trout OnmyGLUT1A is predominantly expressed in the heart with low expression in other tissues. An inverse terminal repeat of a Tc1-like transposable element was found in the 3'-untranslated region of OnmyGLUT1B. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that rainbow trout genes share a common ancestor with higher vertebrate GLUT1. We also found GLUT genes in several salmonid species.