Pheromone response, mating and cell biology

Curr Opin Microbiol. 2000 Dec;3(6):573-81. doi: 10.1016/s1369-5274(00)00143-0.


Saccharomyces cerevisiae responds to mating pheromones by activating a receptor-G-protein-coupled mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade that is also used by other signaling pathways. The activation of the MAPK cascade may involve conformational changes through prebound receptor and heterotrimeric G-protein. G beta may then recruit Cdc42-bound MAPKKKK Ste20 to MAPKKK Ste11 through direct interactions with Ste20 and the Ste5 scaffold. Ste20 activates Ste11 by derepressing an autoinhibitory domain. An underlying nuclear shuttling machinery may be required for proper recruitment of Ste5 to G beta. Subsequent polarized growth is mediated by a similar mechanism involving Far1, which binds G beta in addition to Cdc24 and Bem1. Far1 and Cdc24 also undergo nuclear shuttling and the nuclear pool of Far1 may temporally regulate access of Cdc24 to the cell cortex.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing*
  • Carrier Proteins*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / physiology
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Fungal Proteins / physiology
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors*
  • Heterotrimeric GTP-Binding Proteins / physiology
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • MAP Kinase Kinase Kinases
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Pheromones / physiology*
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / physiology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / physiology
  • Repressor Proteins*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / physiology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Signal Transduction


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • CDC24 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor Proteins
  • FAR1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Pheromones
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Repressor Proteins
  • STE5 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • MAP Kinase Kinase Kinases
  • STE20 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Heterotrimeric GTP-Binding Proteins