Purpose: To report a patient with unilateral glaucoma associated with Sotos syndrome. Sotos syndrome (cerebral gigantism) is a disorder of growth and development with characteristic facial changes and normal endocrine function. Ocular manifestations may also include megalocornea, iris hypoplasia, cataracts, megalophthalmos, strabismus, nystagmus, and retinal dystrophy.
Methods: Case report. A 50 year-old man with the clinical features of Sotos syndrome presented with complaints of decreased vision in the left eye.
Results: Ophthalmologic examination revealed bilateral megalocornea, megalophthalmos, iris hypoplasia and transillumination defects, cataracts, and unilateral glaucoma. Intraocular pressure was lowered, and visual field loss was stabilized with topical medications.
Conclusion: Sotos syndrome patients should be examined routinely to allow for early detection and treatment of potential ocular problems, including glaucoma.