Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of differing amounts of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB), 0, 36, and 76 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1), on hematology, hepatic and renal function during 8 wk of resistance training.
Methods: Thirty-seven, untrained collegiate males and were randomly assigned to one of the three groups, 0, 38, or 76 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1). Resistance training consisted of 10 exercises, performed 3 d x wk(-1) for 8 wk at 80% of their 1-repetition maximum. Blood and urine was obtained before training, 48 h after the initial session, 1 wk, 2 wk, 4 wk, and at 8 wk of resistance training. Blood was analyzed for glucose, blood urea nitrogen, hemoglobin, hepatic enzymes, lipid profile, total leukocytes, and individual leukocytes. Urine was analyzed for pH, glucose, and protein excretion.
Results: The 38 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1) group had a greater increase in basophils compared with 0 or 76 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1) groups (P < 0.05). No difference occurred in any other blood and urine measurements.
Conclusion: These data indicate that 8 wk of HMB supplementation (< or = 76 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) during resistance training had no adverse affects on hepatic enzyme function, lipid profile, renal function, or the immune system.