Bivariate binary data analysis with nonignorably missing outcomes

Biometrics. 2000 Dec;56(4):1145-56. doi: 10.1111/j.0006-341x.2000.01145.x.


One of the objectives in the Northern Manhattan Stroke Study is to investigate the impact of stroke subtype on the functional status 2 years after the first ischemic stroke. A challenge in this analysis is that the functional status at 2 years after stroke is not completely observed. In this paper, we propose a method to handle nonignorably missing binary functional status when the baseline value and the covariates are completely observed. The proposed method consists of fitting four separate binary regression models: for the baseline outcome, the outcome 2 years after the stroke, the product of the previous two, and finally, the missingness indicator. We then conduct a sensitivity analysis by varying the assumptions about the third and the fourth binary regression models. Our method belongs to an imputation paradigm and can be an alternative to the weighting method of Rotnitzky and Robins (1997, Statistics in Medicine 16, 81-102). A jackknife variance estimate is proposed for the variance of the resulting estimate. The proposed analysis can be implemented using statistical software such as SAS.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Biometry / methods
  • Computer Simulation
  • Disabled Persons / classification
  • Disabled Persons / statistics & numerical data
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Statistical*
  • New York City
  • Probability
  • Racial Groups
  • Regression Analysis
  • Software
  • Stroke / classification*
  • Stroke / physiopathology
  • Stroke Rehabilitation*
  • Time Factors