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. 2000 Dec 14;408(6814):820-2.
doi: 10.1038/35048706.

Sequence and Analysis of Chromosome 3 of the Plant Arabidopsis Thaliana

M Salanoubat  1 K LemckeM RiegerW AnsorgeM UnseldB FartmannG ValleH BlöckerM Perez-AlonsoB ObermaierM DelsenyM BoutryL A GrivellR MacheP PuigdomènechV De SimoneN ChoisneF ArtiguenaveC RobertP BrottierP WinckerL CattolicoJ WeissenbachW SaurinF QuétierM SchäferS Müller-AuerC GabelM FuchsV BenesE WurmbachH DrzonekH ErfleN JordanS BangertR WiedelmannH KranzH VossR HollandP BrandtG NyakaturaA VezziM D'AngeloA PallaviciniS ToppoB SimionatiA ConradK HornischerG KauerT H LöhnertG NordsiekJ ReicheltM ScharfeO SchönM BarguesJ TerolJ ClimentP NavarroC ColladoA Perez-PerezB OttenwälderD DucheminR CookeM LaudieC Berger-LlauroB PurnelleD MasuyM de HaanA C MaarseJ P AlcarazA CottetE CasacubertaA MonfortA ArgiriouM floresR LiguoriD VitaleG MannhauptD HaaseH SchoofS RuddP ZaccariaH W MewesK F MayerS KaulC D TownH L KooL J TallonJ JenkinsT RooneyM RizzoA WaltsT UtterbackC Y FujiiT P SheaT H CreasyB HaasR MaitiD WuJ PetersonS Van AkenG PaiJ MilitscherP SellersJ E GillT V FeldblyumD PreussX LinW C NiermanS L SalzbergO WhiteJ C VenterC M FraserT KanekoY NakamuraS SatoT KatoE AsamizuS SasamotoT KimuraK IdesawaK KawashimaY KishidaC KiyokawaM KoharaM MatsumotoA MatsunoA MurakiS NakayamaN NakazakiS ShinpoC TakeuchiT WadaA WatanabeM YamadaM YasudaS TabataEuropean Union Chromosome 3 Arabidopsis Sequencing ConsortiumInstitute for Genomic ResearchKazusa DNA Research Institute
Affiliations

Sequence and Analysis of Chromosome 3 of the Plant Arabidopsis Thaliana

M Salanoubat et al. Nature. .

Abstract

Arabidopsis thaliana is an important model system for plant biologists. In 1996 an international collaboration (the Arabidopsis Genome Initiative) was formed to sequence the whole genome of Arabidopsis and in 1999 the sequence of the first two chromosomes was reported. The sequence of the last three chromosomes and an analysis of the whole genome are reported in this issue. Here we present the sequence of chromosome 3, organized into four sequence segments (contigs). The two largest (13.5 and 9.2 Mb) correspond to the top (long) and the bottom (short) arms of chromosome 3, and the two small contigs are located in the genetically defined centromere. This chromosome encodes 5,220 of the roughly 25,500 predicted protein-coding genes in the genome. About 20% of the predicted proteins have significant homology to proteins in eukaryotic genomes for which the complete sequence is available, pointing to important conserved cellular functions among eukaryotes.

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