Costs and cost-effectiveness of a church-based intervention to promote mammography screening

Health Serv Res. 2000 Dec;35(5 Pt 1):1037-57.


Objectives: To evaluate the costs of implementing a church-based, telephone-counseling program for increasing mammography use, and to identify the components of costs and the likely cost-effectiveness in hypothetical communities with varying characteristics.

Data sources/study setting: An ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of 1,443 women recruited from 45 churches participating in the Los Angeles Mammography Promotion (LAMP) program were followed from 1995 to 1997.

Study design: Churches were stratified into blocks and randomized into three intervention arms-telephone counseling, mail counseling, and control. We surveyed participants before and after the intervention to collect data on mammography use and demographic characteristics.

Data collection/extraction methods: We used call records, activity reports, and interviews to collect data on the time and materials needed to organize and carry out the intervention. We constructed a standard model of costs and cost-effectiveness based on these data and the Year One results of the LAMP program.

Principal findings: The cost in materials and overhead to the church site was $10.89 per participant and $188 per additional screening. However, when the estimated cost for church volunteers' time was included, the cost of the intervention increased substantially.

Conclusions: A church-based program to promote the use of mammography would be feasible for many churches with the use of volunteer labor and resources.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Christianity*
  • Community-Institutional Relations / economics*
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Health Care Costs / statistics & numerical data*
  • Health Promotion / economics*
  • Health Services Research
  • Humans
  • Los Angeles
  • Mammography / economics*
  • Mammography / statistics & numerical data
  • Mass Screening / economics*
  • Middle Aged
  • Minority Groups
  • Models, Econometric
  • Poverty
  • Program Evaluation
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Women's Health Services / economics*
  • Women's Health Services / statistics & numerical data