The absence of universal nomenclature standardization with respect to the definition of a disk herniation and its different categories, especially regarding type and location, is still a major problem that will only be overcome when major national or international scientific societies join efforts to support a particular scheme. Meanwhile, it is important to realize that the two models that are currently most used are based on a different [figure: see text] perspective. Trying to straddle the two by opposing, for instance, bulging disk and herniation is doomed to failure because this exercise defies formal logic. MR imaging is currently the most accurate noninvasive imaging modality to diagnose a disk herniation and to determine its exact location. The determination of some pathoanatomic characteristics of herniated disks (type and composition) may require the use of CT, diskography, or CT diskography.